Directory 

AIX

SOLARIS

Root filesystem

/              {/dev/hd4}

/  {/dev/vx/dsk/rootvol}

Home Directory

/home          {/dev/hd1}

/export/home

       /dev/vx/dsk/home}

 

/tmp           {/dev/hd3}

/tmp 

    /dev/vx/dsk/swapvol}

 

/usr            {/dev/hd2}

/usr 

 

/var        {/dev/hd9var}

/var

Sample configuration files

-

 

User Accounts

AIX

Solaris

Password files

/etc/passwd

/etc/passwd 

/etc/security/passwd

/etc/shadow

Groups file

/etc/group

/etc/group

/etc/security/group

Maximum # of user ID

4294967295

2147483647

Allow/Deny remote login

/etc/security/user

/etc/default/login

{rlogin=true}

{CONSOLE=/dev/console}

User nobody's id #

4294967294

60001 & 65534(nobody4)

Group nobody's id #

4294967294

60002 & 65534(nogroup)

Recover root password

boot from CD/Tape

boot cdrom -s

Installation/Maintenance

mount /dev/c0t0d0s0 /mnt

Start Limited Shell

vi /mnt/etc/shadow

getrootfs hdisk0

 

vi /etc/security/passwd

 

Create new user

mkuser

useradd

Delete user

rmuser

userdel

List users

lsuser -f ALL

logins

Modify user account

chuser -a

usermod

General Commands

AIX

Solaris

Unique host ID

hostid

hostid

Administrator

smit

admintool

Performance monitor

top

top

monitor

System activity reporter

sar

sar

Virtual Memory statistics

vmstat

vmstat

I/O statistics

iostat

iostat

Error logs

alog -o -t boot

dmesg

errpt

Physical RAM

1M TB 

16TB

Shared Memory

64K TB 

 

Process Data Space

384K TB 

 

Swap device

/dev/hd6

/dev/vx/dsk/swapvol

Swap file type

/etc/swapspaces

swap

Display swap size

lsps -a

swap -l

Activate Swap

swapon -a

swap -a

Printers

AIX

Solaris

Printer Queues

/etc/qconfig

/etc/lp/interfaces/*

Stop LP 

stopsrc -s lpd

/usr/lib/lp/lpshut

Start LP

startsrc -s lpd

/usr/lib/lp/lpsched

Submit print jobs

enq

lp

lp

lpr

lpr

 

qprt

 

LP statistics

enq -A

lpstat

lpq

lpstat

qchk

Remove print jobs

cancel

cancel

lprm

lprm

qcan

 

enq -x

 

Add printer queue

smit mkpq

lpadmin -p pq

Remove Printer queue

smit rmpq

lpadmin -x pq

Make default printer

export LPDEST="pq"

lpadmin -d pq

TCP/IP

AIX

Solaris

Network IP configuration

lsattr -E -l inet0

/etc/hostname.*

/etc/inet/*

/etc/defaultrouter

Hosts IP addresses

/etc/hosts

/etc/inet/hosts

Name service switch

/etc/netsvc.conf

/etc/nsswitch.conf

Network parameters

no -a

ndd /dev/[tcp|ip] ?

Routing daemon

gated

in.routed

NIC Configurations

ifconfig -a

ifconfig -a

Secondary IP Address

ifconfig en0 alias IP 

ifconfig hme0:1 IP up

Login prompt

HERALD @

BANNER @

/etc/security/login.cfg 

/etc/default/telnetd

 

Increase the # of pseudo-terminals

odmget -q "attribute=num and uniquetype=pty/pty/pty" PdAt | sed "s/0-64/0-512/" |

{/etc/system}

odmchange -q "attribute=num and uniquetype=pty/pty/pty" -o PdAt

set pt_cnt = #   {SYSV}

 

set npty = #      {BSD}

chdev -l pty0 -anum=256 -P

 

reboot

{/etc/iu.ap}

 

ptsl 0 # ldterm ttcompat

 

 

 

halt

 

boot -r

Maximum # of ptys

512

176                {BSD}

3000              {SYSV}

Remote Shell

remsh

rsh

rsh

YP/NIS service binder

/usr/lib/netsvc/yp/ypbind 

/usr/lib/netsvc/yp/ypbind

System Files

AIX

Solaris

NFS exported

/etc/exports

/etc/dfs/dfstab

/etc/dfs/sharetab

NFS Client mounted directories

/etc/xtab

/etc/rmtab

Max File System

128 GB

1 TB

Max File Size

64 GB

1 TB

Max # File Descriptors

64 K

64 K

DISK/LVM Commands

AIX

SOLARIS

Filesystem table

/etc/filesystems

/etc/vfstab

Free disk blocks

df -k

df -k

Device listing

lsdev -C

sysdef

Disk information

bootinfo -s hdisk# 

format -d c#t#d#

format>current

format>inquiry

Disk Label

lspv -l hdisk#

prtvtoc

LVM Concepts

Partition 

sub disk

 

Volume

Volume

 

 

Plex

 

Volume group

disk group

Journal Filesystem type

jfs

vxfs

Default volume group

/dev/rootvg

/dev/vx/dsk/rootdg

Display volume group

lsvg -l rootvg

vxprint -l -g rootdg

Modify physical volume

chpv

 

Prepare physical disk

mkdev -c disk -l hdisk#

vxdiskadd

List physical volume

lspv

vxprint -dl

Remove disk from volume group

reducevg

vxdg rmdisk

Move logical volumes to another physical volumes

migratepv

vxassist move

Create volume group

mkvg

vxdg init

Remove volume group

 

 

Volume group availability

chvg

 

varyonvg

varyoffvg

Restore volume group

 

 

Exports volume group

exportvg

vxdg deport

Import!s volume group

import!vg

vxdg import!

Volume group listing

lsvg

 

Change logical volume characteristics 

chlv

vxedit set

List logical volume

lslv

vxprint -vl

Make logical volume

mklv

vxassist make

Extend logical volume

extendlv

vxassist growto

Reduce logical volume

AIX reduce LV

vxassist shrinkto

Remove logical volume

rmlv

vxedit rm

Prepare boot volumes

bootlist -m normal

vxbootsetup

Remove boot volumes

 

 

Extend File system

chfs -a size=#

vxva

mkfs -M

Reduce/Split mirrors

rmlvcopy

 

Merge mirrors

 

 

Create mirrors

mklv -c 2

vxassist mirror

Add mirrors

mklvcopy lv 2 

 

Create striped volumes

mklv -u 3 -S 64K

vxassist make vol 100mb layout=raid5

System recovery tape

mksysb -i /dev/rmt0

 

Backup

savevg -i rootvg

ufsdump

Restore

restvg 

ufsrestore

MISC

AIX

SOLARIS

Startup script

/etc/rc

/sbin/init.d

Kernel

/usr/lib/boot/unix_up

/kernel/genunix

Kernel Parameters

lsattr -E -l sys0

sysdef- i

Reconfigure the kernel

 

vi /etc/system

chdev -l sys0 -a 

reboot

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reconfigure the kernel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

List modules

 

modinfo

Load module

 

modload

Unload module

 

modunload

Initialize system

install_assist

sys-unconfig

Physical RAM

bootinfo -r

prtconf

Kernel Bits

getconf WORD_BIT

isainfo -kv

Crash utility

crash

crash

Machine model

uname -m

uname -imp

bootinfo -m

OS Level

oslevel

uname -r

Run Level

who -r

who -r

Core dump files

/var/adm/ras

/var/crash/`uname -n`

Boot single user

Key on service mode/F4

ok boot -s

Boot from CD/Tape

Select Maintenance

Limited function Shell

Maintenance mode

 

ok boot -as

Interrupt Key

 

Stop-A

Return to console

 

ok go

Software

AIX

SOLARIS

Install Software

installp -a

pkgadd

Uninstall software

installp -u

pkgrm

List installed software

lslpp -L all

pkginfo

Verify installed software

lppchk -v

pkginfo -i

pkginfo -p

List all files

lslpp -f fileset

pkgchk -l package

List installed patches

instfix -i

patchadd -p

Package owner

lslpp -w path

pkgchk -l -p path

SW Directory

/usr/lpp

/var/sadm

Devices

AIX

SOLARIS

Devices

/dev

/devices

Install devices for attached peripherals

cfgmgr -v

drvconfig 

devlinks

disks

tapes

ports

Remove device

rmdev -l

rem_drv

Device drivers

lscfg

prtconf -D

CPU

lsdev -Cc processor

psrinfo -v

List Terminal

lsdev -Cc tty

pmadm -l

Diagnostics

diag

/usr/platform/`uname -m`/

sbin/prtdiag

ok test-all

/opt/SUNWvts/bin/sunvts

Whole Disk

/dev/hdisk#

/dev/c#t#d0s2

CDROM

/dev/cd0

/dev/dsk/c#t6d0s2

CDROM file type

cdrfs

hsfs

Rewinding tape drive

/dev/rmt0

/dev/rmt/0

Non-rewinding tape drive

/dev/rmt0.1

/dev/rmt/0n

Floppy drive

/dev/rfd0

/dev/diskette

Links

AIX

SOLARIS

FAQ

AIX-FAQ

Solaris 2 FAQ

Online Manual

AIX 4.3 Books

Solaris 7 Documentation

Technical Support

RS/6000 TechSupport

SunSolve

Phone Number

1-800-CALL-AIX

1-800-USA-4SUN

Free Software

Bull

Sun Freeware

Certification

www.ibm.com

suned.sun.com

 

 

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